Cyber security is no more an ignored area for governments around the world. India has also recognised the significance of cyber security but its efforts in this direction are still scatterd, unstructured and inadequate. Perry4Law Organisation (P4LO) has been advocating for establishing a strong, robust and resilient cyber security infrastructure in India for almost a decade.
P4LO also believes that international legal issues of cyber security must be resolved on mutual cooperation basis among various countries. Countries may work in the direction of formulating international cyber law treaty and international cyber security treaty (PDF). Similarly, international legal issues of cyber security and conflict of laws in cyberspace must also be resolved by Indian government.
These days most of the public utilities are managed and coordinated by information and communication technology (ICT). In many cases, these utilities are managed through remote administration as well. This is also the stage and process that makes these utilities vulnerable to cyber attacks.
Keeping this fact in mind, critical infrastructure protection in India in general and cyber security of automated power grids of India in particular must be ensured with latest technology and international best practices.
Cyber security issues in India are emerging day by day. Similarly, the cyber security awareness in India is also increasing. However, cyber security capabilities of India are still not up to the mark. Cyber security skills developments in India are urgently required.
There would be many cyber security challenges for future smart grids of India. The evolution of SCADA system, deficiencies and shortcomings of existing power devices and vulnerabilities of software managing SCADA systems are areas of special concern for India.
These days power grids are centrally connected and integrated in nature from the stage of power generation to it transmission and distribution. A compromise of such power grids can lead to power outages/blackout or even damage to power system devices and thereby huge loss to the utilities.
Further, renewable energy/distributed generation demands are the added feature of smart grid and due to networked control future power system will be much more vulnerable to cyber terrorism attacks, cyber warfare activities and cyber espionage attempts. Therefore, before switching to smart grids, India must consider cyber security challenges for them as well.
Perry4Law and Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) are in the process of drafting of cyber security best practices for smart grids in India. We invite professional collaborations and cooperation in this regard from various smart grid stakeholders. If interested, kindly send your proposals while communicating with us so that we can consider collaborative aspects of such proposals.